Gundog Central is a centralized location for finding your next Gun Dog, Bird Dog, Field Dog .... and now Hound dogs. We've tried to make it as easy as possible for you to browse the many different hunting dogs for sale. We cater to the upland bird hunter and wetland waterfowl enthusiast, as well as people who compete in field trial events.
Two cranes are passage migrants including the Common crane (Grus grus) and Demoiselle crane (Anthropoides virgo) while one of the black-necked crane (Grus nigricollis) is nomadic. One of a crane is the world highest-flying bird that can fly up to (1.76m) named as Sarus crane (Antigone antigone) only found in Nepal (Baral, 2009) also found in the Indian subcontinent including South-East Asia and Australia (Archibald et al., 2003; Harris and Mirande, 2013).
The loss of habitat due to agricultural practices (the conversion of grasslands into agricultural fields) (Archibald et al. 2013), changes in agricultural practices (use of modern machines for processing and harvesting of crops) (Meine and Archibald, 1996), and use of pesticides and herbicides are main threats to the Demoiselle cranes worldwide (Archibald et al. 2013). Similarly, the increasing human population, illegal hunting and trade, urbanization (constriction for enhancing tourism in wetlands), and intentional poisoning (for reducing crop-damaging) are also the major threats to the conservation of Demoiselle cranes. These threats to Demoiselle cranes were increasing throughout its geographic range due to a lack of effective approaches for its conservation (Perveen, 2012). The illegal trade of birds is a major cause of the decline of birds worldwide (Kumar et al. 2002). The price of illegal trade of wild animals and their byproducts is projected to $12 billion annually (Oldfield, 2002). The demands of wild animals and their byproducts were increasing with time (Freese and Trauger, 2000; Hillstrom and Hillstrom, 2003; Thapar, 2003).
Demoiselle crane is one of the important migratory birds, visit different areas of Pakistan including the Bannu (KP). These areas are acting as winter breeding and feeding grounds of the Demoiselle crane. But currently, it is suffering from different illegal hunting, capturing, and anthropogenic activities. The captivity and hunting of Demoiselle cranes were more common and hunters have 2 to 10 in their captivity, while 87% of the hunter were reported as regular hunters. Most of the hunting camps were placed near (
He worked his way north along the shore line all day. In thelate afternoon he was sick at his stomach from the heat of thesun, but there was nothing to vomit but the river water he haddrunk. A cabin showed ahead among trees and he pulled in to ithopefully. It was deserted. He prowled inside, like a hungry'coon or 'possum. There were cans on a dusty shelf, but all wereempty. In a jar he found a cupful of musty flour. He mixed itwith water and ate the paste. It was flavorless, even in hishunger, but it stopped the pain in his stomach. There were birdsand squirrels in the trees and he tried to hit them with stones,but he only drove them all away. He was feverish and exhaustedand the flour in his belly made him sleepy. The cabin offeredshelter, and he made a pallet of some rags, from which theroaches scurried. He slept a drugged, nightmare-ridden sleep.
Salmonella species are widespread in nature, and occur as pathogenic bacteria in the intestines of domestic and wild animals, including birds. Cases of suspected bird-to-human transmission of Salmonella have been reported . Most identified Salmonella serovars have been Salmonella enterica and almost all are able to cause illness in humans and animals . The most frequently reported serotypes causing human salmonellosis in the European Union (EU) are S. enterica subsp. enterica serovar (ser.) Enteritidis and S. enterica subsp. enterica ser. Typhimurium . Because of the suspected high correlation between salmonellosis in poultry and the number of human infections, Directive 2003/99/EC of the European Parliament and Council requires that the following five serotypes of Salmonella be monitored in poultry flocks: Enteritidis, Typhimurium, Virchow, Hadar, and Infantis. Some strains of Salmonella ser. Typhimurium have been identified as host adapted and a cause of salmonellosis in pigeons  and passerines . Infections with different serotypes of Salmonella have also been documented in gulls, crows, vultures, and parrots [6,7]. Salmonella is an environmentally persistent pathogen that can survive and proliferate in diverse environments, including in animals that form part of the human food chain . The molecular characterization of Salmonella serovars isolated from poultry, food, and the environment has been reported (e.g., virulence genes and the homology of strains) [9-12]. In contrast, there are few reports of the characterization of strains isolated from wild birds throughout the world. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize Salmonella strains from selected free-living bird species in Poland.
The study was conducted with the special consent mentioned in the text above (see Methods). All dead birds (except game birds) were found already dead and brought to the clinic. Game birds were hunted and collected by hunters in accordance with local hunting laws. Samples of great cormorants were obtained during the annual population cull in Poland, in accordance with the annual specifications of the Regional Directorate of Environmental Protection.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid, represented by the famous double helix, and the Human Genome Project which successfully mapped human DNA in 2003. DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) was first identified in salmon sperm by Friedrich Miescher in 1869, and was generally accepted to carry genetic code of all living things following the published work of Crick and Watson in 1953. A mischievous alternative interpretation to the usual meaning of DNA is National Dyslexia Association, which is of course cruel if used as such, but does offer the opportunity to explain a little about Dyslexia, which is widely misunderstood. As regards the word Dyslexia, its meaning, 'difficulty with words' is derived from Greek (lexis is Greek for speech), and that's what it means - difficulty with words, notably spelling and reading - it does not mean that the person is daft or stupid, in fact often the opposite is closer to the truth. Dyslexia is often called a gift, since for many 'sufferers' that's what it is. Interestingly as many as 10% of people at work are thought could suffer with this disability to one extent or another (source: British Dyslexia Association - not the National Dyslexia Association, which is a made-up organisation to fit the acronym). Two important points about dyslexia: Dyslexia is technically a disability as well as a 'gift', so employers quite rightly have to make appropriate allowances for sufferers or risk falling foul of disability and discrimination laws. An innocently intended workplace joke or email, like the outrageously non-pc "Dyslexics of the world - Untie!" (thanks L Scott..) would be grounds for a disability discrimination claim, or perhaps even a bullying tribunal, so be careful. Secondly and more positively, dyslexia sufferers tend to have special strengths resulting from the way their brains work, notably in problem-solving, innovation, creativity, trouble-shooting, entrepreneurialism, intuitive feelings and judgements, sport, politics, and artistic expression of various sorts. Famous dyslexics include Albert Einstein, Leonardo da Vinci, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Pablo Picasso, Andy Warhol, David Bailey, General George Patton, Robin Williams, John Lennon, Nigel Kennedy, Cher, Muhammad Ali, Steve Redgrave, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Woodrow Wilson, John F Kennedy, Richard Branson, Henry Ford, William Hewlett, Charles Schwab, Tom Cruise, Keanu Reeves, Erin Brockovich - see, it's a gift. This aspect of alternative strengths relates to multiple intelligence theory, which like the whole area of individuality, is much neglected in education and work. Employers, teachers, and individuals seeking more information about dyslexia should visit the BDA website. Finally, and nothing to do with Dyslexia, DNA might alternatively be employed (thanks S McCarthy) to mean Do Not Ask, which aside from other purposes is a witty response for anyone seeking the full scientific explanation. 2b1af7f3a8